Sentence Structures

                                       Before you can "build" sentences, you must understand the following information:

                                        A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb, and there are two types of clauses:

                                        *    dependent/subordinate clause        has a subject and a verb only (is a fragment)
                                                                                                       Ex:  as I walked alone

                                        *     independent clause                        has a subject and a verb and a complete thought (is a sentence)
                                                                                                       Ex:  I walked alone.

                                        Then you use the above two types of clauses to build your sentence structures.

                                        Remember:  A sentence is a group of words that has a subject, a verb, and a complete thought.

                                        1)    simple sentence                            consists of one independent clause.

                                                                                                      Ex:    a) Doris ate the pie. (one subject, one verb)
                                                                                                                b) She and I saw a wreck. (two subjects, one verb)
                                                                                                                c) Bob hit the ball and ran the bases. (one subject, two verbs)
                                                                                           .                    d) She and I drank Cokes and ate pizza. (two subjects, two verbs)

                                        2)    compound sentence                      consists of two or more independent clauses (joined by a comma and a coordinating
                                                                                                      conjunction or joined by a semicolon)

                                                                                                      Ex:    a) John is handsome, so he is a model. (two indep. clauses)
                                                                                                                b) The project was great; it won first prize. (two indep. clauses)
                                                                                                                c) Mary is beautiful, and she is talented, so she should win the contest. (three indep.                                                                                                          indep. clauses)

                                        3)    complex sentence                        consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent/subordinate clauses ("join                                                                                            ("joined" by a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun)

                                                                                                     Ex:     a) Because I was sick, I went home. (dependent clause at beginning of sentence)
                                                                                                                b) Sue, who plays soccer, won a trophy. (dependent clause in middle of sentence)
                                                                                                                c) Although I am not hungry, we can eat if you are hungry. (one dependent clause
at                                                                                                                 at the beginning of sentence, one dependent clause at end of sentence)

                                        4)    compound-complex sentence      consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent/subordinate clauses.                                                                                       clauses

                                                                                                     Ex:     a) Since I am grounded, I can't come to your party, but I will see you tomorrow. (one                                                                                                             (dependent clause at beginning of sentence, two independent clauses)
                                                                                                                b) After I went to the mall, I drove home, but my parents were mad because I
                                                                                                                   was late.    (two dependent clauses - one at beginning of sentence and
                                                                                                                    one at end of sentence, two independent clauses)

                                       NOTE:  When the dependent clause is at the beginning of a sentence, it is followed by a comma.  When the dependent clause is at the                                        is at the end of a sentence, there is no need for a comma.