An Orthopedic Impairment (OI) refers to a severe orthopedic impairment which adversely affects the student’s educational performance to such an extent that the student requires special education.
OI may include:
- Congenital anomalies – example: deformity or absence of a body part
- Impairment caused by disease – poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, muscular dystrophy, etc.
- Impairment from other causes – cerebral palsy, amputations, fractures, or burns that cause contractures, etc.
- A medical evaluation from a licensed doctor of medicine that is current within one year.
- A comprehensive developmental or educational assessment to indicate the orthopedic impairment’s effect on the student's educational performance in pre-academic or academic functioning, social/emotional development, adaptive behavior, motor development, or communication abilities resulting from the orthopedic impairment. When assessment information indicates significant deficit(s) in cognitive/academic functioning, a psychological evaluation may be administered.